NOTICE: This tutorial will be retired on June 1, 2013. Please see our EndNote X5 tutorial.

What is Cite While You Write?

Cite While You Write (also known as CWYW) is a key feature of EndNote. It allows you to access EndNote from within Microsoft Word to insert citations into your Word documents.  You can insert citations anytime during your writing process. 

You can also use Cite While You Write to insert images (figures) from an EndNote library into your Word documents.

CWYW automatically builds a bibliography from the citations you insert. You can also create a list of figures.

What is a Citation?

A citation is a reference that appears in the text of your document. Typically it includes either the year of publication or a reference number. For example, the following is citation formatted in APA format:

(McInerney, 2002)

The same citation in numbered style looks like this:


A bibliography entry for this citation (in APA format) looks like:

McInerney, C. (2002). Knowledge management and the dynamic nature of knowledge. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(12), 1009-1018.

With CWYW, you can easily change the formatting (using "output styles") for the citations and bibliographies.  This is a great feature if you want to submit articles to several publishers with different formatting requirements.

Requirements for using Cite While You Write

To use CWYW, you need to have Microsoft Word 2000, XP, 2003, or 2007 installed on your computer. You also need to have EndNote. 

It is important to install EndNote after you install Microsoft Word.  When you install EndNote, an EndNote submenu is added under the Word Tools menu. This submenu doesn't appear if you install Word after EndNote.

Note: For troubleshooting problems with CWYW, see the FAQ at http://www.endnote.com/support/faqs/CWYW/index.asp.

Using the Menu and Toolbar

Cite While You Write is used from within Microsoft Word. To access CWYW, open the Word document to which you want to add citations.  From the Word Tools menu, choose EndNote. A submenu with the CWYW commands appears.

If you prefer, you can view these commands in a Word toolbar by choosing View > Toolbars > EndNote.  The following toolbar will appear:

You can drag the toolbar to a convenient place on your screen if you wish. Move the mouse over an icon to see the name of the command. Click the icon to carry out the command.

In discussing Cite While You Write below, we focus on tasks that use these commands:

Find Citations iconFind Citations
Format Bibliography iconFormat Bibliography
Edit Citations iconEdit Citations
Find Figure(s) iconFind Figure(s)
Generate Figure List iconGenerate Figure List
Remove Field Codes iconRemove Field Codes
Cite While You Write Preferences iconCite While You Write Preferences

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Inserting Citations

You can insert citations as you write your document ("cite while you write"), or if you prefer you can wait and enter the citations after you finish writing.

To insert citations:

  1. Open the EndNote library you want to use. Then open your Word document. You can also set EndNote to start when you open Word. (This option can be set in CWYW preferences, by clicking on CWYW prefs icon in the CWYW toolbar.)
  2. In your Word document, position the cursor where you want to insert the first citation.
  3. Do one of the following:
    1. From the Word Tools menu,choose the EndNote submenu, and click on Find Citation(s); or
    2. If the EndNote toolbar is showing, click on Find Citations

    The EndNote Find Citations dialog box appears.
  4. In the dialog box, enter text (such as the author or title) in the Find text box to identify your reference. 
    EndNote searches all fields in its library records to find matches.
  5. Click on the reference you want to cite to highlight it. Then click Insert.
    Note: In the above example, only one reference was retrieved. If multiple references are listed, click on the one you want insert. To insert multiple citations, press the Ctrl key while you click to select citations (or press the shift key to select a continuous range of citations in the list).

Watch the Video

Note: After inserting citations, it is a good idea to save your Word document.

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Formatting a Bibliography

By default, when you insert citations into your Word document, EndNote formats the citations in the formatting style that is currently in effect (this is called "instant formatting"). Instant formatting also automatically generates a bibliography as you insert citations. (Instant formatting can be turned off in CWYW preferences.)

In some cases you may wish to change the formatting style. Or (if instant formatting is not in effect) you may want to generate a new bibliography.

  1. Choose Format Bibliography from the EndNote submenu or click on the Format Bibliography icon in the toolbar (Format Bibliography icon).
    The Format EndNote Bibliography dialog box appears:
  2. Choose the output style you would like to use from the dropdown menu. (If you don't see the output style you want, choose "Show All" for a comprehensive list.)
  3. Click OK. EndNote will instantly format your citations and bibliography in the output style you chose.

Watch the Video

If you change your mind, return to the Format Bibliography dialog box and choose a different style. The bibliography and all of your citations will instantly be reformatted to the new style.

After you format your bibliography, if you add more citations you can easily format them by choosing Format Bibliography again.

Note: You can also use the Format Bibliography dialog box to modify the bibliography layout (font, line spacing, etc.) by clicking the Layout tab.  Click the Instant Formatting tab to turn instant formatting on or off.

Changing the Current Output Style

Once you have chosen an output style using the Format Bibliography dialog box, that output style becomes the current output style, and is displayed on the toolbar at the top of the EndNote window:

To change the current output style, click on the current output style drop down box in the toolbar, and the list of output styles you have previously selected is displayed. Click on an item in the drop down box to make it the current output style.

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Editing Formatted Citations

If you need to change (add to, modify, or delete) your formatted citations, use the Edit Citations command.

  1. In your Microsoft Word document, click on the citation you wish to change.
  2. Choose Edit Citation(s) from the EndNote submenu or click on the Edit Citations icon in the toolbar (Edit Citations icon). The Edit Citations dialog box appears:
  3. Make sure the citation you want to change is selected, or click on another citation to select it.
  4. You can modify the citation, add additional citations to it, or delete it.

To modify the citation:

  • Exclude the author or the year by clicking the "Exclude Author" or "Exclude Year" checkboxes.
  • Add a prefix or suffix by typing text in the Prefix or Suffix boxes. The text will appear immediately before (prefix) or immediately after (suffix) the citation in your document.
  • In the Pages field, add page numbers to appear with the citation. (Note: The Pages field works only for styles containing a Cited Pages code in the output style. Examples include MLA, Chicago, and Turabian).

To add additional citations:

  • Click the Insert button. This will bring up the Find Citations dialog box.
  • In the Find Citations dialog box, click on the citation you wish to add, and click Insert. The citation will be added to your existing citation.

To delete the citation:

  • Click Remove, then click OK.

Watch the Video

Note: Do not delete the citation in Word using the backspace or delete key. Special EndNote codes associated with the citation may not be erased and as a result your document file could become corrupted.

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Working with Images

Inserting Images

Cite While You Write allows you to insert images contained in an EndNote library into your Microsoft Word documents from within Word. These are called figures, and they are accompanied by figure citations. Figure citations are numbered sequentially and appear in parentheses, as in

(Figure 1)

The image itself appears either right below the citation or at the end of the document (in the figures list), depending on the formatting style you are currently using.

When you insert figure citations, EndNote automatically creates a figure list at the end of the document.

To insert images into your Word document:

  1. Open the EndNote library you want to use. Then open your Word document.
  2. In your Word document, position the cursor where you want to insert the image (figure citation).
  3. Choose Find Figure(s) from the EndNote submenu or click on the Find Figures icon in the toolbar (Find Figures icon). The Find Figures dialog box appears:
    Find Figures dialog box
  4. In the Find: box, enter text to bring up matching references that contain figures.
  5. Click Insert to insert the figure and its caption into your Word document.

Watch the Video

Deleting Images

If you inserted an image as a figure and then later decide to delete it, do the following:

  1. Highlight the figure citation, including the parentheses.
  2. Press the Delete or Backspace key.
  3. Choose Generate Figure List from the EndNote submenu, or click the Generate Figure List icon in the toolbar (Generate Figure List icon).

Watch the Video

Note: If you try to delete the picture without deleting the figure citation, it will reappear the next time a figure list is generated.

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Removing Field Codes

Journal publishers request that you remove EndNote�s field codes before submitting your manuscript. EndNote uses field codes to insert additional data into your document, and it interferes with the publisher�s software. To remove field codes, click the Remove Field Codes button (Remove Field Codes icon) in the EndNote toolbar, or go to Tools > EndNote X > Remove Field Codes.

Save this version of your paper with another name. Save your original version with the field codes intact so you can edit it in the future.

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